Wednesday, September 26, 2018
Friday, September 21, 2018
Tuesday, September 11, 2018
Wednesday, August 29, 2018
- The world-famous physicians like Fabricius Hildanus, Paulus Aegineta and Claudius Galen also treated the polyps dexterously.
- Egyptian physicians believed that a bad smelling nose confirmed presence of polyps.
- Celsus said, “Large polyps dangled into the pharynx and on cold and damp days strangulate a man.”
- A crude nasal speculum was used by Hippocrates, Haly Abbas- an eminent Islamic medicine expert, and the Indian Ayurvedic physicians in bygone eras. In fact, these speculums were an improvisation of the instruments employed for rectal and gynecological examinations.
- Fabricius Hildanus invented an aural speculum, which resembles the modern speculum.
- Alfred Kirstein pioneered use of artificial light for nasal examination. He invented first headlight that inspired the modern headlights.
- In Greece, tampons and nasal packs soaked in copper salts and honey were used to prevent reoccurrence of polyps.
- The Roman physicians used turpentine and other irritating substances, calf tallow, goose fat and oily products to treat the polyps.
Friday, August 24, 2018
The nasal cycle (NC) is the spontaneous congestion and decongestion of the nasal mucosa during the day, where congestion of one side is accompanied by reciprocal decongestion of the contralateral side. It is based on the dilation/constriction of the venous cavernous tissue in the submucosa of the turbinates and septum, but also of the ethmoid sinuses.It is accepted that almost 70-80% of adults experience a regular NC, but a true periodicity/reciprocity exists only in 21-39% of the Population. NC is considered an ultradian rhythm of side-toside nasal mucosal engorgement with a phase length ranging from 30 min to 6h. As first described, in an ideal cycle, the two air passages should show reciprocal changes of equal amplitude, 180° out of phase, with an identical period and similar mean airflow, with total nasal flow remaining constant.
Thursday, August 23, 2018
- In 1933, Shenck and Kern suggested that nasal polyps were related to allergy. The polyps were commonly found in the ethmoid air cell system.
- In 1940s, advancements in immuno-biology and immuno-histochemistry techniques enabled description of lymphocyte and eosinophil present in the polyps.
- In 1959, Lurie discovered relationship between the polyps and cystic fibrosis for the first time.
- In 1969, Beer and Samter threw light on the triad of asthma, nasal polyps and aspirin sensitivity.
- In the end of the twentieth century, the first rigid and flexible fiber-optic endoscope was discovered. The invention changed the way upper aero-digestive tract was examined.
- Since Hippocrates influence was strong during golden age of the Greek civilization, he is remembered as the father of medicine and rhinology. However, Susruta used highly advanced surgical techniques to treat nasal disorders. Hippocrates recorded disorders related to nasal polyps and fractures. He named the nasal growth as polypus, as it resembled to the polyps found in the sea. He defined polyps as “the sacs of phlegm that cause nasal obstruction and derange the sense of smell.”
- Hippocrates knew that nasal polyps are recurrent in nature.
Tuesday, August 21, 2018
Tinnitus, often described as a ringing or buzzing sound in the ear, is a symptom that can be related to almost every known hearing problem. Tinnitus is not a disease, but it can be caused by exposure to loud sounds, middle or inner ear infections, tumors on the hearing nerve, and even wax on the eardrum.
Sometimes tinnitus can be medically or surgically treated. All patients with tinnitus should consult an ear, nose and throat physician (otolaryngologist) before seeking any other form of treatment.
Dealing with Tinnitus
Although psychological or emotional problems may be associated with tinnitus, it is a real problem -- not imagined. Almost all patients indicate that stress or tension makes their tinnitus worse. Tinnitus is difficult to describe because there is no standard terminology related to it. Family and friends have trouble understanding the problems tinnitus patients face because they cannot see or hear it themselves. Because tinnitus is so hard to describe and treat, patients may fall victim to self-pity and depression. Some tinnitus patients withdraw from social interactions and push family members and coworkers away--the very people who can help patients cope with the tinnitus problems
Monday, August 20, 2018
Interesting Facts About Nasal Treatments
1. The 1500 BCE records reveal that Egyptians mastered the art and skill of removing the cranial material through the nose to avoid any disfiguration of the face while mummifying the bodies.
2. Records of various rhinologic procedures practiced during 700 BCE are found in the Egyptian and Indian medical books.
3. In 5th century, Susruta, the famous Indian surgeon, invented nasal reconstructive flaps and rhinoplasty that are still used.
4. Do you know that physicians examined the anterior of the nose in candlelight until 16th century?
5. In 1744, Boerhaave introduced a ground-breaking idea: nasal polyps are elongated sinus membranes.
6. The German doctor Hirshberg reported aspirin sensitivity in 1899.
Friday, August 17, 2018
8th International Conference on Otorhinolaryngology 2018
Keynote speech by
Dr. Christopher Jackson
Principal House Officer | Australia
Title: The effect of intra-operative parecoxib in tonsillectomy and post-operative bleeding
For more details, PS: https://otorhinolaryngology.pulsusconference.com/
Thursday, August 16, 2018
Speech therapy is treatment for problems with speaking, language, and swallowing. It is given by a speech therapist, also called a speech-language pathologist. Speech therapy helps with using the voice properly and using the muscles to make the right sounds. It helps people understand language and express themselves. Speech therapy can also help a person learn to swallow again after a stroke or brain injury.
Speech therapy, or speech and language therapy, is treatment for problems with speaking, language, and swallowing. A person who gives this treatment is called a speech therapist or speech-language pathologist.
Speech therapy helps with the following problems:
- Speech problems. These are problems with making the right sound, using the voice fully, and not straining.
- Language and communication problems. These are problems with understanding language, expressing thoughts, or responding in a social situation.
- Swallowing and feeding problems. These are problems with using the muscles in the mouth and throat to swallow.
Tuesday, August 14, 2018
OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY 2018 ON OCTOBER 16-17, 2018 IN ROME, ITALY
Dr. Peter Catalano is an ENT-otolaryngologist in Brighton, Massachusetts. He received his medical degree from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and has been in practice for more than 20 years.
For more details, PS: https://otorhinolaryngology.pulsusconference.com/scientific-program-pdf
Monday, August 13, 2018
Your nose is important to your health. It filters the air you breathe, removing dust, germs, and irritants. It warms and moistens the air to keep your lungs and tubes that lead to them from drying out. Your nose also contains the nerve cells that help your sense of smell. When there is a problem with your nose, your whole body can suffer.
Many problems besides the common cold can affect the nose. They include
- Deviated septum - a shifting of the wall that divides the nasal cavity into halves
- Nasal polyps - soft growths that develop on the lining of your nose or sinuses
- Rhinitis - inflammation of the nose and sinuses sometimes caused by allergies. The main symptom is a runny nose.
- Nasal fractures, also known as a broken nose
The upper part of the nose consists mostly of bone. The lower part of the nose gains its support from cartilage. Inside the nose is a hollow cavity (nasal cavity), which is divided into two passages by a thin sheet of cartilage and bone called the nasal septum. The bones of the face contain the paranasal sinuses, which are hollow cavities that open into the nasal cavity (see Nose and Sinuses).
Because of its prominent position, the nose is especially vulnerable to injury, including fractures. Bacterial nasal infections, nosebleeds, objects inserted in the nose, and polyps also can affect the nose. The mucous membrane of the nose may become inflamed (rhinitis). This inflammation may spread to the lining of the sinuses (rhinosinusitis).
The sinuses are hollow air-filled areas within your skull. They connect the space between the nostrils and nasal passage and act like balloons, reducing your skull's weight, allowing you to keep your head upright. They also regulate skull temperature and allow the voice to resonate.
Sinuses are found in the following four pairs:
- Frontal sinuses (in the forehead)
- Maxillary sinuses (behind the cheek bones)
- Sphenoid sinuses (behind the eyes)
- The sinuses contain defenses against germs. When you get sick and mucous begins to fill up the sinuses, bacteria may begin to grow. Once the bacteria begin to grow, it may stick to the lining of the sinuses and cause a sinus infection.
Friday, August 10, 2018
Otology is the branch of medicine that focuses on diseases and disorders of the ear, including hearing and balance disorders and injuries or diseases of the skull base. A neurotologist provides surgical care to the nerves that connect the ear and brain, which includes treatment of hearing loss, tinnitus, dizziness, infectious and inflammatory diseases of the ear, facial nerve disorders, congenital malformations of the ear, and tumors of the ear, hearing nerve, and skull base.
The neurotologist knows the basic sciences of hearing, balance, nerve function, infectious disease, and anatomy of head and neck.
Their diagnostic, medical, and surgical skills include:
- Treatment of hearing loss and tinnitus
- Infectious and inflammatory diseases of the ear
- Facial nerve disorders
- Congenital malformations of the ear
- Tumors of the ear, hearing nerve and skull base